The Black Walnut Ink Drawings are done with homemade ink, made in much the same way as dye except the dye liquor is simmered for much longer until it is the tone desired. Inks are preserved with cloves. Iso-alcohol may also be used though it dilutes the colour.

The twelve small drawings are titled using verbs so that no matter how many times you look at “plunging”, the form continues to plunge. All works are titled after they have been done. In this kind of work, chance and determination work cooperatively.

Abstract works can determine your capacity for pareidolia, i.e. an ability to see images in a composition intended as non-objective.